Bed bugs are tiny insects that range in size from 5 to 7 mm. in length and 2 to 3 mm. wide. They are a muddy, dull brown but will acquire a reddish hue after feasting on their favorite food: human or animal blood. Bed bugs can be difficult for property owners to discover. Most people won’t realize they have an infestation until they discover groups of bites on their flesh in places which are exposed by their pajamas. But, what can people do to eliminate them? There are a few options, including DIY methods, fumigation, and a full building heat treatment.
DIY methods can help curb bed bugs, but usually won’t kill the entire population. Some common treatments are vacuuming a room on a regular basis, dusting, and eliminating clutter that the insects can hide under. It’s also important to regularly vacuum and clean furniture because bed bugs can hide in the upholstery. If a person knows there are bed bugs in certain items, they can place them inside plastic bags and freeze them to kill pests. Purchased sprays and pesticides are also available from general stores but are typically not as effective as a professional treatment.
Fumigation is the process of filling a property with a toxic gas designed to kill pests like bed bugs. During this process, humans and animals need to leave the area and leave behind any infested materials. The building is surrounded by an airtight tent and them pumped full of pesticide. The gas will slowly replace the breathable air inside, targeting bed bugs throughout. This way, the pests are unable to escape or travel to a safer location. Once the treatment is complete, the gas is safely vented and the dead bed bugs are removed. People can then safely resume their lives. Fumigation needs to be performed by a pest control operative and is one of the most effective methods for getting rid of bed bugs.
The final way to kill bed bugs is through heat treatment. Like fumigation, heat treatment requires professionals to avoid danger. All living residents or workers of the property must leave. Heaters are then placed throughout the area and the overall temperature is raised to either 130 or 140 degrees Fahrenheit for 2-3 hours. People can request that the heaters be left on longer. This method works by making the environment literally uninhabitable for adult bed bugs, their young, and any eggs. There is also no escape since the entire building is kept at the high temperature. Heat treatment is the most effective method in the industry and can help properties become pest free quickly and easily.
Mouse traps are one of the oldest implements used for pest control around the world. They were so commonplace during the Middle Ages that they have even been referenced by great writers like Shakespeare. A mouse trap is a device designed specifically to catch mice. As technology has advanced, manufacturers have developed many varieties with their own pros and cons. Some are more humane, while others are debated in professional circles. When it comes to handling pesky mice, it’s important to choose a trap which suits a person’s needs, budget, and willingness to interact with pest.
Plastic and wooden snap traps are what many people imagine when they think of a mouse trap. This cheap model has a small pad with a spring and a metal bar. Bait can be used to lure mice to the device. When the rodent tries to eat the available food, they change the weight of the area controlled by the spring, which brings the metal bar down. This snap is designed to break a mouse’s neck as quickly as possible. When using these traps, property owners will be required to reset the traps and dispose of rodent corpses properly. Gloves should be worn at all times to prevent the transfer of disease, and the devices should be kept away from children and animals who can accidentally trigger it.
Electric mouse traps can also be known as the black box method. They are more expensive than other traps and look like a long, rectangular case with a hole on one end. To use them, a person inserts bait while the box is deactivated and then places it in the desired location before turning it on. Mice are attracted to the bait and will enter the trap in search of food. This action triggers a strong electrical current which shocks rodents and kills them almost instantly. An electric mouse trap can be placed anywhere throughout the interior of a property but should also be kept away from pests and children. They are considered more humane than other methods and require the owner to clean out dead mice.
Humane mouse traps have become more popular recently. These resemble the electric box because they are a container with a hole on one end. Once baited, the trap attracts a mouse who will enter. Once inside, the mouse is sealed in and can be taken to a safe location like a field to be released. Individuals need to be careful when using these because they don’t all have air holes, which means the mouse can suffocate. Humans also will need to interact with their captured pests and need to clean the trap. Humane traps are relatively expensive in comparison to other methods but can assuage the guilt associated with harming an animal.
Finally, there are glue products. These mouse traps are sheets of paper covered with a strong adhesive. They can be placed throughout the house in places normally considered inconvenient or out of the way, making them the most flexible trap. However, there is a lot of debate about their use. They work by trapping any rodent who tries to walk across them. Unable to escape, the rat either starves to death or resorts to gnawing its own legs off to try to get away. People will need to dispose of the traps and dead mice after their use, which can be unpleasant. Many mice scream when dying, which is something which turns many people away from glue mouse traps.
Mosquitoes are a dangerous and pervasive pest found on every continent besides Antarctica. They spread numerous contagious disease like malaria, yellow fever, the Zika virus, and dengue. Mosquitoes are able to dispense disease because they feed on the blood of humans and animals. Each female has a long proboscis which is used to draw blood up into their bodies. Mosquitoes live for a short period of time but produce numerous children over their lifespans. Because of their numbers, their ability to fly, and their capability of living in almost every environment, mosquitoes are difficult for people to avoid.
One of the most efficient ways to stop mosquitoes is to use a repellent. A repellent is a substance used to drive pests away, usually through a combination of smell and toxicity. In the United States, the creation of repellents is carefully monitored by the Environmental Protection Agency to prevent accidental poisoning, human birth defects, and environmental damage. The varieties available on the market include regular pesticides, sprays to use on people and clothing, and even candles.
Some repellents are used by spraying them into the air around a property to stop mosquitoes from entering. These are applied through a misting system, which can be programmed to release bursts at regular intervals or can be used manually. Misting systems cost a fair amount of money, so these are usually only used by companies and businesses. The most pervasive type of repellent in the United States is actually one which can be applied to the skin. These have weaker ingredients than other sprays which can be used professionally for safety reasons. People can coat their skin and clothes in this second type of repellent on a regular basis.
Finally, individuals can invest in mosquito repellent candles to be used outdoors. Manufacturers ensure these candles are composed of known repellents such as citronella. These can be used in conjunction with another method and are not recommended for solo use. Their ingredients are not as strong as though found in other pesticides and thus do not do as great of a job at keeping mosquitoes away.
The most common materials found in mosquito repellents are citronella, DEET, and permethrins. Citronella is a natural ingredient extracted from lemongrass. Its origins are in perfumery, but people began to use it for pest control beginning in the late 19th century. DEET is considered the gold standard of repellent ingredients and can be a dangerous substance in higher concentrations. DEET is a yellow oil which produces an odor that is unattractive and downright disgusting to mosquitoes, which means they won’t land on a person to bite. One of the main problems with this ingredient is that it can negatively affect health and should not be ingested or applied to open skin. Finally, people can use permethrins. Permethrins are highly toxic pest control compounds that cannot be applied to humans or animals but can be used on objects like sleeping bags.
When purchasing a repellent, it’s important for individuals to choose one which suits their lifestyle and needs. Someone who doesn’t spend a lot of time outdoors could be fine using citronella candles, but someone who likes to camp will need something more powerful. If mosquitoes are a major problem for a property, it’s time to call a pest control professional who can keep them away.
They primarily enter buildings in search of resources to survive, such as food and shelter from the environment. Like many other rodents, they pose significant risks to property owners. Many mice are disease transmitters or carry fleas which can spread illnesses to humans. Some of the most common hazards are Lyme disease, salmonella, typhus and even the black plague. In California, the two types of mice to watch out for are the common house mouse and the deer mouse.
The house mouse earned its name from its capability to quickly adapt to an indoor environment. Their name means “little thief” in reference to their stealth and ability to steal resources. Each mouse only weights between 0.5 and 1 oz. and ranges in size from 2.5 to 4 in. They have small heads and bodies with ears that look large in comparison and have rounded tops. People need to be careful during house mice infestations because their droppings are the main form of disease transfer and are only ¼ in. Their feces are dark in color with pointed ends.
The deer mouse is also called a field mouse and is one of the most prominent carriers of the dangerous Hantavirus. They primarily live near country areas and known to plague farmers and grain silos. Like the house mouse, deer mice will invade homes in search of food or to escape cooler weather. They also weigh 0.5 to 1 oz. and range in size from 2.5 to 4 in. with small, slender bodies. They can be distinguished from other rodents by reddish-brown or golden-brown hair and large eyes. Their ears and heads are also bigger than those of house mice. Deer mice produce many droppings which look almost identical to those of house mice.
It can be difficult for regular people to notice an infestation before it gets out of hand. Mice are nocturnal and will only look for food at night, making them unlikely to be seen. One of the telltale signs of mice is finding food packages which have been gnawed upon, which occurs when mice are trying to find resources. The presence of droppings, which might be mistaken for clumps of dirt, is another large indicator. When a property owner suspects there might be mice, it’s important to contact a pest control professional to ensure that each rodent is eliminated. Survivors can reproduce quickly, having between 30-70 pups per year per female.
An exterminator is a member of the pest control industry who eliminates all kinds of nuisance bugs and animals. Exterminators can work in a variety on environments and can specializes in residential, commercial, industrial, or agricultural pest management. These people are members of a thriving and stable industry. As of 2018, there are over 20,000 pest control companies within the United States along and 68% of their services are for residential properties such as houses, condominiums, and apartments.
The number of exterminator jobs has increased every year in the past several decades. Experts with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics believe that there will be 8% growth by 2026 with an estimated 6,300 positions created. Exterminators have lower rates of unemployment when compared to many other fields at only 6%. The average salary is about $33,000, but exterminators are thought to have one of the best balances between work and home life because they are not required to take their business home after hours.
Exterminators daily face hazards during their regular working hours. Many pests require the use of chemical pesticides for full elimination. These mixtures frequently contain poisonous ingredients and use pyrethrins and permethrins to kill irritating pests like mosquitoes and bed bugs. When humans are exposed to these products, they face the risk of accidental poisoning, lung damage, and even death when the ingredients are inhaled. Exterminators can also be bit by the pests they remove such as rats, bed bugs, and spiders. Many of these creatures can pass along dangerous and contagious diseases like rat bite fever or leptospirosis. Bites can also become infected and require medical treatment.
Because exterminators have dangerous jobs and use hazardous materials, they need to undergo training before becoming fully licensed professionals. Interested individuals need to possess a high school diploma or GED and then enroll in a pest control program recognized by the state pesticide regulatory board. Classroom education can be finished in four months or less depending on the type of program with which a person registers. They then become an apprentice under another licensed professional and need to complete 40 hours of on-site training before taking the technician exam. Exterminators need to renew their licenses every 12 months to continue to practice.
Pest control is a consistently growing industry. Individuals can quickly become licensed professionals and join others in helping people manage their pest problems. There are also many different types of pest control in which interested people can specialize. The job is highly flexible and frequently allows people to make their own schedules. People who would to enter the field can do so quickly and easily, and help fight back against the increasing number of pest problems across the country.
Bugs are one of the main reasons for pest control because they are numerous, difficult to eliminate, and can spread disease. When people think of bugs, they might imagine common threats such as bed bugs, cockroaches, ants, and many others. Some of the most popular methods to combat them are fumigation, pesticides, and regular building maintenance and pest management. If a property suspects they might have a bug problem, they should contact a professional pest control service to perform a full inspection, identify the problem, eliminate the pests, and then design a plan to help prevent future infestations.
Bed bugs are numerous and typically what people consider to be the ultimate threat. They are small and numerous, measuring only 5-7 mm. long and 2-3 mm. wide. Unlike some other pests, they are considered true bugs because their bodies are segmented into the thorax, the abdomen, and the head. They additionally have antennae on their head, six legs, and beady black eyes. Due to their size, they are almost impossible for an individual to detect without a magnifying glass or a good eye.
Bed bugs feed on the blood of humans and animals and are nocturnal. They leave red bites in lines, clusters, or nearby groupings. This characteristic is because they will frequently move when their host shifts in their sleep, forcing them to find a new spot or risk being crushed. These bug bites are irritating and can be soothed with an antihistamine cream. If an individual experiences swelling or difficulty breathing, these are signs of an allergic reaction which needs to be handled by a medical professional. Bites from bed bugs will often be the first sign people notice of an infestation, but not everyone reacts. Other potential indicators are the presence of rusty stains on sheets and mattresses from squashed bugs and a sweet, musty odor in the room where they are located.
These bugs are resistant to most common pesticides and can adapt when one is applied to their location. Some bed bugs are smart enough to leave the area until the pesticide has dissipated, at which point they return to resume their lives. Frequently, the only way property owners are able to eliminate a population is by calling a professional to fumigate or perform a heat treatment. This procedure involves sealing a building and raising the temperature to 130 or 140 degrees Fahrenheit for 2-3 hours to kill the bed bugs through heat. Professionals can then clean the area and return the property to the owners.
Bugs don’t need to be a constant nuisance. If someone suspects they might have a problem, it’s important to call someone with experience to take care of the situation before it worsens.
With the development of an increasingly global culture, bedbugs have become widespread throughout the world and the United States. Although their populations saw a decline in the 1960s, their increased resistance to common pesticides has seen a rise in numbers. Nowadays, many property owners can accidentally pick up bedbugs and foster a population unawares. When this happens, people put themselves at risk of disease, allergic reactions, and unclean living.
Bedbugs are true bugs with a thorax, abdomen, and head. They typically range in size from 5-7 mm. long and 2-3 mm. wide. Their bodies are flat and oval, while their eyes are small and black. Individuals will have a hard time seeing them without some sort of magnifying glass as they can easily be mistaken for lint, debris, or dirt. Bedbugs are varying shades of brown when they haven’t fed, but will take on a reddish tint afterwards. This change is because their main food is the blood of humans and animals.
Bedbugs are nocturnal, which means they leave their hideouts and feed at night. Although they don’t form colonies like other pests such as termites, there is almost always more than one bedbug in any given location. Bedbug bites are small, red, and frequently itchy. They develop in clusters, lines, or groupings that give them a distinctive appearance because bedbugs shift while feeding to accommodate the movements of the animal from which they are feeding. These bites can cause allergic reactions in some individuals. If a person experiences difficulty breathing, swelling, or excessive itching, then they should seek medical attention.
For many people, these bites will be the first sign of bedbugs. Other common occurrences will be the presence of a sweet, musty odor and rusty stains on sheets. These stains are caused by bedbugs being smashed by humans rolling over while they are feeding. If any of these signs appear, then it’s important to contact pest control professionals to eliminate the population. Due to their resistance to pesticides, bedbugs are difficult to exterminate. In many cases, pest management will need to fumigate the property and remove the deceased bedbugs to make the area inhabitable again.
Rats have earned a bad reputation over time because of their ability to wreak havoc and spread disease. In California, the two most populous rat species are the roof and Norway rat. Both creatures are known for their ability to infiltrate structures to find food and shelter from the outdoors. These pests additionally are capable of spreading nasty and contagious diseases from their excrement and bites, including murine typhus, leptospirosis, and ratbite fever.
Roof rats, also called black rats, live for 12 months in the wild and avoid inhabiting areas near the ground. If possible, they choose higher locations. These pests range in size from 13 to 18 inches long and have scaly tails. Roof rats are smaller than Norway rats and feature black hair with large ears and pointed faces. They eat a variety of grains and will frequently break into food sources such as cereal boxes to reach sustenance. Roof rats can eat through packaging and have no problem chewing through cardboard and plastic to find their goals. Like other species, roof rats are nocturnal and will move around at night.
Norway rats are larger, measuring up to 18 inches long with a stockier build and higher weights than a roof rat. Their noses are blunt, they have small ears, and their eyes are large, black, and protruding. Like the roof rat, Norway rats can live up to 12 months and primarily seek shelter inside of homes and businesses during the colder months. Many interiors are attractive to them because of the plentiful food supply, which can feed many batches of pups. They will also chew through barriers to reach sustenance, including sections of wall, packages, and other obstructions. Norway rats only come out at night and will avoid people as much as possible.
The main risks of rats comes from their droppings and ability to contaminate food. Many people will not realize they have a rat infestation until it has already spread throughout a property. The nocturnal nature of rats means they avoid coming into contact with humans as much as possible. Once a person sees one in their home or business, it’s a good sign that there are already numerous rats hiding somewhere, and they have developed a food source. Professional pest control companies can help curb and eliminate populations through a variety of methods, including traps and rodenticides. It’s best to call them as quickly as possible to prevent the spread of potentially lethal diseases.
A termite is a small, pale insect best known for its ability to eat wood. They live in massive colonies and there are numerous species throughout the United States that can cause problems for property owners. Residents of California will most likely experience one form of termite infestation or another during their lives, as the pests are active all year round and enjoy the diverse range of climates available throughout the state. Fall in particular is the most popular season for reproducing swarms, which seek to form new colonies.
The three termite species found throughout the state are dampwood, drywood, and subterranean. Dampwood termites live in damp and decaying wood with a high moisture content such as old logs, tree stumps, and basements or ground level floors. This species almost never needs to touch the ground and will tunnel through wood while eating against the grain. This type of termite can grow up to 1 in. long and features with soldiers with dark heads and large mandibles. They are bigger than some other species such as the subterranean termite and can be found in Northern California.
Drywood termites are the opposite of their dampwood cousins. This termite species lives in wood with a low moisture content and primarily chooses attics, upper floors, and furniture. They eat with the grain and can grow to ¼ in. to 3/8 in. long. They are one of the smallest types in existence and feature soldiers with large mandibles and rear ends which make them distinctive. A drywood termite almost never needs to be near the ground and can be found in the deserts of California or along the coast.
The final and most common species of termite is the subterranean. Like their name suggests, subterranean termites live near the ground and will construct intricate tunnel systems of mud tubes. These tubes connect food sources and important chambers while providing protection against the climate and natural environment. A subterranean termite can grow to ¼ in. to ½ in. long and typically ranges in color from white to dark brown. This species can be found throughout the state of California and can weaken a home or business’s foundation through wood damage.
A termite infestation can be one of the worst things to happen to a property. Termites spread quickly and form large colonies. They eat wood, which weakens the foundation and structure of a building by attacking its very core. If a property owners suspects they might have termites, it’s time to call a professional pest control service to fumigate the area or apply effective pesticides and bait.
This change is because the food of choice for bed bugs is blood, which they get from feeding on humans and animals at night.
The bites of bed bugs are frequently noticeable and can cause itchy irritation. Bed bugs eat every two to three days and often shift positions while they are eating. This movement causes the bites to appear in an orderly manner. Unlike the marks left by other pests, the bites of bed bugs show up in lines or clusters of five to six bites and are red and slightly raised above the rest of the flesh. They can be told apart from the bites of mosquitoes and fleas because they appear on areas not covered by pajamas, such as the arms, neck, upper chest, and the lower back. They additionally are relatively large and can cause allergic reactions in some individuals.
The marks should disappear after a few days, but bed bugs feed every two to three days. This means that, just as the bites are beginning to calm down, people are likely to be bitten again and find no relief.
If a property owner notices bites from bed bugs on themselves or other residents, it’s time to seek professional pest control assistance. Experienced individuals can figure out where the pests are hiding and eliminate the entire population through fumigation or applied pesticide.